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【時間:2021-07-12 00:03:15】【作文來源:kt230.com 】 【作者:作文大全】 【閱讀:1046次 】


  四級長篇閱讀作為閱讀理解題中的難點,需要考生又 快速閱讀 的能力,因此加強閱讀訓練十分重要。下面考試啦小編為大家帶來 英語 四級長篇閱讀練習題,歡迎考生閱讀訓練。


  The Art of Friendship

  A) One evening a few years ago I found myself in an anxiety. Nothing was really wrong my family and I were healthy, my career was busy and successful -- I was just feeling vaguely down and in need of a friend who could raise my spirits, someone who would meet me for coffee and let merant until the clouds lifted. I dialed my best friend, who now lives across the country in California, and got her voicemail. That's when it started to dawn on me -- lonesomeness was at the root of my dreariness. My social life had dwindled to almost nothing, but somehow until that moment I'd been too busy to notice. Now it hit me hard. My old friends, buddies since college or even childhood, know everything about me; when they left, they had taken my context with them.

  B) Research has shown the long-range negative consequences of social isolation on one's health. But my concerns were more short-term. I needed to feel understood right then in the way that only a girlfriend can understand you. I knew it would be wrong to expect my husband to replace my friends: He couldn't, and even if he could, to whom would I then complain about my husband? So I resolved to acquire new friends -- women like me who had kids and enjoyed rolling their eyes at the worlda little bit just as I did. Since I'd be making friends with more intention than I'd ever given the process, I realized I could be selective, that I could in effect design my own social life. The down side, of course, was that I felt pretty frightened.

  C) After all, it's a whole lot harder to make friends in midlife that it is when yon're younger -- a fact woman I've spoken with point out again and again. As Leslie Danzig, 41, a Chicago theater director and mother, sees it, when you're in your teens and 20s, you're more or less friends with everyone unless there's a reason not to be. Your college roommate becomes your best pal at least partly due to proximity. Now there needs to be a reason to be friends. "There are many people I'm comfort-able around, but I wouldn't go so far as to call them friends. Comfort isn't enough to sustain a real friendship," Danzig says.

  D) At first, finding new companions felt awkward. At 40 I couldn't run up to people the way my4-year-old daughters do in the playground and ask, "Will you be my friend? Every time you start anew relationship, you're vulnerable again," agrees Kathleen Hall, D Min, founder and CEO of the Stress Institute, in Atlanta. "You're asking, 'Would you like to come into my life?' It makes us self-conscious."

  E) Fortunately, my discomfort soon passed. I realized that as a mature friend seeker my vulnerability risk was actually pretty low. If someone didn't take me up on my offer, so what: I wasn't in junior high, when I might have been rejected for having the wrong clothes or hair. At my age I have amassed enough self-esteem to realize that I have plenty to offer.

  F) We're all so busy, in fact, that mutual interests -- say, in a project, class, or cause that we already make time for -- become the perfect catalysts for bringing us in contact with candidates for camaraderie. Michelle Mertes, 35, a teacher and mother of two in Wausau, Wisconsin, says anew friend she made at church came as a pleasant surprise. "In high school I chose friends based on their popular-ity and how being part of their circle might reflect on me. Now's it's our shared values and activities that count." Mertes says her pal, with whom she organized the church's youth programs, is nothing like her but their drive and organizational skills make them ideal friends.

  G) Happily, as awkward as making new friends can be, self-esteem issues do not factor in -- or if they do, you can easily put them into perspective. Danzig tells of the mother of a child in her son's pre-school, a tall, beautiful woman who is married to a big-deal rock musician. "I said to my husband, she's too cool for me,'" she jokes. "I get intimidated by people. But once I got to know her, she turned out to be pretty laid-back and friendly." In the end there was no chemistry between them, so they didn't become good pals. "I realized that we weren't each other's type, but it wasn't about hierarchy." What midlife friendship is about, it seems, is reflecting the person you've become (or are still becoming) back at yourself, thus reinforcing the progress you've made in your life.

  H) Harlene Katzman, 41, a lawyer in New York City, notes that her oldest friends knew her back when she was less sure of herself. As much as she loves them, she believes they sometimes respond to is-sues in light of who she once was. An old chum has the goods on you. With recently made friends, you can turn over a new leaf.

  I) A new friend, chosen right, can also help you point your boat in the direction you want to go. Hanna Dershowitz, 39, an attorney and mother in Los Angeles, found that a new acquaintance from workwas exactly what she needed in a friend. In addition to liking and respecting Julia, Dershowitz had a feeling that the fit and athletic younger woman would help her to get in shape.

  J) While you're busy making new friends, remember that you still need to nurture your old ones. We asked Marla Paul, author of The Friendship Crisis: Finding, Making, and Keeping Friends When You "re Not a Kid Anymore, for the best ways to maintain these important relationships. Keep in touch. Your friends should be a priority; schedule regular lunch dates or coffee catch-up sessions, no matter how busy you are. Know her business. Keep track of important events in a friend's life and show your support. Call or e-mail to let her know you're thinking of her. Speak your mind. Tell a friend (politely) if something she did really upset you. If you can't be totally honest, then you need to reexamine the relationship. Accept her flaws. No one is perfect, so work around her quirks --she's chronically late, or she's a bit negative -- to cut down on frustration and fights. Boost her ego. Heartfelt compliments make everyone feel great, so tell her how much you love her new sweater or what a great job she did on a work project.


  46. Leslie Danzig thought making friends at one's middle age needed some reasons.

  47. A well-chosen new friend can help you go in the direction that you like.

  48. A few years ago the author felt lonely and depressed when she phoned her best friend in another city who was much wanted then but unavailable.

  49. According to Kathleen Hall, one might feel sensitive in the first curse of making new friends.

  50. Midlife friendship can help you realize your direction of life and reinforce the progress you've made in your life.

  51. In Mafia Paul's book, to be a better friend, you should keep track with your fiiends, care for your friend's job, express yourself, accept her flaws and compliment your friend for her/his good dressing and job.

  52. For the author, a girl friend might be the right person to under "stand her and erase her negative feeling.

  53. According to Michelle Metes, midlife friendship is based on the shared values and activities

  54. As a mature friend seeker, the author finds herself with enough confidence to offer and take rejection with grace.

  55. With newly made friends, you can have a chance to take on a new look in your life.


  46.Leslie Danzig thought making friends at one’S middle age needed some reasons.LeslieDanzig認為在中年交朋友需要一些理由。

  【解析】C)。細節題。根據 句子 關鍵詞Leslie Danzi9和making friends al one’S middle age可定位至Cl段。該段中Danzi9說在十幾、二十幾歲的時候,基本上可以和所有人交朋友,但現在需要充分的理由才能交到朋友,舒適度不足以維持真 正的友誼?梢娝J為中年交友需要。一些理由。


  47.A well—chosen new friend can help you go in the direction that you like.選擇得當的新朋友能幫你朝著你向往的方向前進。

  【解析】I)。細節題。根據句子關鍵詞a well—chosen new friend和:he direction that you like可定位至I)段。該段首句指出:新朋友,如果選擇對了的話,還可以幫助你找到航行的方向。

  48.A few years ago the author felt lonely and depressed when she phoned her best friend in another city who was much wanted then but unavailable.


  【解析】A)。歸納題。根據句子關鍵詞a few years a90和phoned her best friend可定位在A)段。句子是對整段的概括總結。

  49.According to Kathleen Hall,one might feel sensitive in the first course ofmaking new friends.


  【解析】 D)。細節題。由句子中的Kathleen Hall定位至D)段。該段最后一句提到,Kathleen Hall認為每次建立一種新關系,人就會變得脆弱、敏感。

  50.Midlife friendship can help you realize your direction oflife and reinforze the progress yOU’ve made in your life.


  【解析】 G)。細節題。根據句子關鍵詞midlife friendship和reinforce the progress可定位至G)段末句,F在看來,中年友誼似乎能反映出你所屬的類型(或正在成為的類型),從而加強你在生活中取得的進展。5 1.In Maria Paul’S book,to be a better friend,you should keep track with yourfriends,care for your friend’s job,ex—press yourself,accept her flaws and compliment your friend for her/his good dressing and job.Maria Paul的書中寫到,要成為更好的朋友,你應該和朋友保持聯系,關心朋友的工作,表達自己的思想,包容朋友的缺點,贊揚朋友。


  52.For the author,a girl friend might be the fight person to understand her and erase her negative feelin9.


  【解析】 B)。細節題。由句子中的the right person和understand等字眼定位至B)段。作者提到只有女性的朋友才能理解她的感受。

  53.According to Michelle Mertes,midlife friendship is based on the shared values and activities

  Michelle Mertes認為中年友誼的基石是共同的價值觀和參與的活動。

  【解析】 F)。細節題。由句子中的MichelleMertes可定位至F)段。Mertes說:上中學時,我是根據她們的受歡迎程度以及成為她們圈子的一員可能對我產生的影響來選擇朋友的,F在,共同的價值觀和參加的活動則成為我選擇朋友的關鍵因素。

  54.As a mature friend seeker,the author finds herself with enough confidence to offer and take rejecfion with grace.


  【解析】 E)。細節題。根據句子關鍵詞a mature friend seeker和offe“'ejection可定位至E)段。該段中作者指出自己已經成熟,能坦然接受對方的拒絕,也保有自信,相信自己有魅力。

  55.With newly made friends,you Can have a chance to take on a new look in your life.


  【解析】 H)。細節題。根據句子關鍵詞takeon anewlook可定位至E段末句。而跟新交的朋友在一起,你可以翻開新的一頁。Take on anewlook和takeoveranewleaf是同類表述。

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